Bank of America Settlement Agreement

Bank of America Settlement Agreement: What You Need to Know

Bank of America has reached a settlement agreement with the United States Department of Justice and several state attorneys general regarding the bank`s role in the mortgage crisis that led to the 2008 financial meltdown. The settlement agreement was announced in August 2014 and the bank agreed to pay a total of $16.65 billion in fines and consumer relief measures.

Here are some important details about the Bank of America Settlement Agreement:


In the years leading up to the financial crisis, Bank of America and other banks engaged in mortgage lending practices that were risky and fraudulent. They approved loans with little regard to borrowers` ability to repay them and bundled these risky loans into securities that were sold to investors. When the borrowers defaulted, the securities lost value and triggered a cascading financial crisis that affected the global economy.

The Settlement Agreement

Under the settlement agreement, Bank of America agreed to pay $9.65 billion in cash to the Department of Justice, several states, and other federal entities. The bank also agreed to provide $7 billion in consumer relief, such as loan modifications, principal reductions, and forgiveness of second liens.

Who Will Benefit

The settlement agreement provides relief to homeowners who were harmed by Bank of America`s misconduct. The consumer relief measures are intended to help homeowners who are struggling to make their mortgage payments or who are underwater on their loans (meaning they owe more than their homes are worth).

The settlement agreement also provides funds for states and federal entities to use in their efforts to prevent future mortgage fraud and to assist distressed borrowers.

What This Means for Bank of America

The settlement agreement is a significant financial hit for Bank of America, but it also represents a step toward resolving the legal issues related to its role in the mortgage crisis. The bank still faces lawsuits related to mortgage-backed securities, but this settlement agreement helps to alleviate some of the uncertainty and risk associated with these lawsuits.

In addition, the consumer relief measures outlined in the settlement agreement may help to improve Bank of America`s reputation among consumers and regulators.


The Bank of America Settlement Agreement is a major development in the ongoing fallout from the 2008 financial crisis. While it provides financial relief to homeowners who were harmed by the bank`s misconduct, it also highlights the need for stronger regulations and oversight to prevent similar crises in the future. As always, it is important to stay informed about the financial and legal issues that affect our economy and our daily lives.